Found across Europe, the United States, South America and Asia, but best grown in cooler climates with some sunlight, flax seeds have a multitude of uses. They are primarily used as a wellrounded, nutritious food source, but they can also be woven into strong fibres to create linen. Flax seeds are considered a highly functional food owing to the presence of alpha-linolenic acid, an omega 3 fatty acid.
Also known as linseeds, they have been widely cultivated since the early days of civilisation and can be used in place of half the flour in any baked good, including breads and muffins. Although they are commonly eaten on salads and cereals, they are now in high demand as an ingredient in vegetarian burger mixes and other plant-based dishes. Flax seed oil can be used for dressings, dips and sauces.